*BA, MSc, JD, Member of the Ontario bar. Research Associate, University of Saskatchewan College of Law (September 2020 to December 2020 term).
**BA, JD, BCL, MPhil, DPhil, Member of the Ontario and Saskatchewan bars. Professor of Law & Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Rights in Constitutional and International Law, University of Saskatchewan College of Law. We are grateful for insightful comments on a draft version from Michelle Biddulph, Noura Karazivan, Jean Leclair, Carissima Mathen, Mitch McAdam QC, and Han-Ru Zhou. We also thank Richard Mailey for his helpful editorial suggestions.
 2020 SCC 17 [GNDA Reference].
 SC 2017, c 3 [GNDA].